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What Vegetables Grow Well In Houston

Houston, with its unique climate and soil conditions, offers an ideal environment for growing a variety of vegetables. Certain factors significantly influence vegetable growth in this region. Understanding these factors is crucial for successful and fruitful vegetable cultivation in Houston.

Among the several factors that affect vegetable growth in Houston, three key factors stand out:

Houston’s climate is characterized by hot and humid summers, mild winters, and a long growing season. These conditions favor the cultivation of heat-loving vegetables that can withstand high temperatures and humidity.

The soil in Houston varies, but it tends to be heavy clay or sandy loam. These soil types may require amendments to improve drainage and nutrient levels. Understanding the specific soil type and its requirements is crucial for successful vegetable gardening.

Vegetable plants require an adequate amount of sunlight for photosynthesis and growth. Houston’s sunny climate provides an advantage for vegetable gardening, but it’s essential to consider the positioning of vegetable beds to ensure plants receive the necessary sunlight.

Considering Houston’s climate and soil conditions, several vegetables thrive in this environment. These include:

Tomatoes are a popular choice for Houston gardeners, with varieties like cherry tomatoes and beefsteak tomatoes performing well in the region’s long growing season.

Both sweet peppers and hot peppers, such as bell peppers and jalapenos, can be successfully grown in Houston.

Cucumbers are well-suited to Houston’s warm climate and provide a fresh and crunchy addition to salads and recipes.

Summer squash, including zucchini and yellow squash, can thrive in Houston’s hot summers.

Okra is a heat-loving vegetable that grows exceptionally well in Houston’s climate.

Green beans are a versatile and easy-to-grow vegetable in Houston’s garden beds.

Eggplants, such as the popular Japanese eggplant variety, can be successfully cultivated in Houston.

Radishes are quick-growing root vegetables that can provide a bountiful harvest in Houston’s vegetable gardens.

Spinach can be grown during Houston’s cooler months, providing a nutritious addition to salads and smoothies.

Kale is a nutrient-rich leafy green that thrives in Houston’s cooler months and can tolerate some heat.

To maximize the success of your vegetable garden in Houston, consider the following tips:

Ensure your garden beds have well-draining soil with necessary amendments to provide optimal nutrients for healthy vegetable growth.

Vegetables require consistent moisture, especially during Houston’s hot summers. Water plants deeply, ensuring the soil remains consistently moist.

Apply a layer of organic mulch around vegetable plants to help retain moisture, regulate soil temperature, and suppress weed growth.

Implement pest management strategies to protect your vegetable plants from common pests and diseases, such as aphids, caterpillars, and fungal infections.

Rotate your vegetable crops each season to minimize soil-borne diseases and pests, promoting healthier plants and better yields.

By considering these factors and following these tips, you can enjoy a flourishing vegetable garden in Houston, providing fresh and nutritious produce for you and your family.

Key takeaway:

  • Climate, soil type, and sunlight exposure are important factors affecting vegetable growth in Houston.
  • Tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, squash, okra, green beans, eggplant, radishes, spinach, and kale are some of the best vegetables to grow in Houston.
  • To grow vegetables successfully in Houston, start with good-quality soil, provide adequate watering, use mulch to retain moisture, protect against pests and diseases, and practice crop rotation.

Factors Affecting Vegetable Growth in Houston

Growing vegetables in Houston can be challenging due to various factors that affect their growth. From the climate and soil type to the amount of sunlight exposure, each element plays a crucial role in determining the success of your vegetable garden. In this section, we’ll explore these factors and understand how they impact the growth of vegetables in Houston. Get ready to uncover the secrets behind thriving vegetable gardens in this vibrant Texan city!


The climate in Houston plays a crucial role in the growth of vegetables. Houston’s warm and humid climate creates an ideal environment for a diverse range of vegetables to thrive. The average annual temperature hovers around 70°F (21°C), with summer temperatures often surpassing 90°F (32°C). These moderate temperatures provide a longer growing season, allowing vegetables to flourish.

Houston experiences consistently high levels of humidity, ranging from 70% to 90% throughout the year. This high humidity helps to preserve soil moisture, reducing the need for excessive watering and preventing soil dryness.

Houston also receives significant rainfall, with an average annual precipitation of 49 inches. Adequate rainfall ensures a reliable water supply for vegetable plants, minimizing the dependence on additional irrigation.

It is essential to acknowledge that Houston’s climate does present challenges. The city frequently encounters extreme weather events, including hurricanes and heavy rainfall, which can result in flooding and damage to crops. Therefore, it is crucial for Houston gardeners to stay well-informed about weather conditions and implement appropriate measures to safeguard their vegetable gardens.

Soil Type

When it comes to growing vegetables in Houston, the type of soil plays a crucial role in determining the success of your garden. Here are some common soil types in Houston:

  • Sandy soil: Well-draining and warms up quickly in spring. Suitable for crops that prefer drier conditions like tomatoes and peppers.
  • Clay soil: Good water-holding capacity but tends to get compacted easily. Amending it with organic matter can improve drainage and fertility. Crops like cucumbers and squash thrive in clay soil.
  • Silt soil: Rich in nutrients and retains moisture well. Ideal for most vegetables, making it suitable for crops like green beans and radishes.
  • Loam soil: Balanced combination of sand, silt, and clay. Excellent drainage and moisture retention. Perfect for a wide variety of vegetables, including okra and spinach.
  • Blackland soil: Fertile and retains moisture, making it suitable for crops like kale and eggplant.

Consider the soil type in your garden and choose vegetables that are adapted to thrive in those conditions. Amending the soil with organic matter can also help improve fertility and structure, regardless of the soil type.

Sunlight Exposure

Sunlight exposure is crucial for the growth of vegetables in Houston. The amount of sunlight directly impacts their development and productivity. Vegetables need sufficient sunlight for photosynthesis, which is essential for their growth. Sunlight exposure produces energy and nutrients that plants need to thrive.

Vegetables should receive at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight every day. This can be achieved by planting them in areas with unobstructed sunlight. Insufficient sunlight can result in weak and leggy plants that are more susceptible to pests and diseases. It can also impact the quality and taste of the vegetables. Conversely, excessive sunlight can cause plants to wilt or suffer from sunburn.

To maximize sunlight exposure, choose the right location for your vegetable garden. Select an area that receives the most sunlight throughout the day. Regular pruning and adequate spacing between plants can also help ensure each vegetable gets enough sunlight.

By considering the sunlight exposure needs of different vegetables and providing them with the appropriate amount of sunlight, you can cultivate a thriving and productive vegetable garden in Houston.

Best Vegetables to Grow in Houston

Best Vegetables to Grow in Houston - What Vegetables Grow Well In Houston

Photo Credits: Fruitsveges.Com by Bryan Rodriguez

Get ready to unleash your green thumb in Houston! In this section, we’ll dive into the best vegetables that thrive in Houston’s unique climate. From juicy tomatoes to fiery peppers, crisp cucumbers to tender squash, we’ll explore a variety of options that will have your garden bursting with freshness. And that’s not all – we’ll also discover the secrets to growing robust okra, bountiful green beans, and so much more. Get ready to dig in and cultivate your own Houston vegetable oasis!


Tomatoes are versatile and delicious, making them a popular vegetable to grow in Houston. They thrive in the warm and humid climate, making Houston an ideal location for tomato cultivation. When planting tomatoes, choose a sunny spot in your garden or use containers if space is limited. Tomatoes need at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimal growth and fruit production. Plant tomato seedlings or transplants in well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Regularly water the plants to keep the soil moist, especially during hot summer months. Mulch around the plants can help retain soil moisture and prevent weeds. Tomatoes are prone to pests and diseases, such as aphids, tomato hornworms, and fungal infections. Monitor your plants regularly and use organic pest control methods or fungicides if necessary. Rotate your tomato plants each year to prevent soil-borne diseases. By following these tips and providing proper care, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious tomatoes in your Houston garden.


1. VarietiesThere are various types of peppers suitable for growing in Houston, including bell peppers, jalapenos, and serranos.
2. PlantingPlant peppers in well-drained soil enriched with organic matter. They need full sunlight and a warm climate to thrive.
3. WateringPepper plants need regular watering to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Provide about 1-2 inches of water per week.
4. FertilizingApply a balanced fertilizer to pepper plants once a month for essential nutrients. Avoid over-fertilizing, which can cause excessive foliage and reduced fruit production.
5. HarvestingHarvest peppers when they are fully grown and have developed their characteristic color. Use a sharp knife or scissors to cut the peppers from the plant, being careful not to damage the stem or surrounding foliage.

Pro-tip: To enhance the flavor of peppers, let them fully ripen on the plants before harvesting. This will result in sweeter and more flavorful peppers.


Cucumbers thrive in Houston’s warm and sunny climate, making them a popular vegetable choice for local gardeners. Here is important information about growing cucumbers:

VarietyDays to MaturityPlanting SeasonSunlight Requirements
Burpless50-65SpringFull sun
Persian55-60SpringFull sun
Pickling50-60SpringFull sun
Slicing55-65SpringFull sun
Lemon50-65SpringFull sun

To grow cucumbers successfully, plant them in well-drained soil with a pH level of 6 to 7. Space each plant 12 to 24 inches apart in rows. Regular watering is essential, especially in hot and dry periods, to keep the soil moist. Adding organic mulch around the plants helps retain moisture and suppresses weed growth.

To protect cucumbers from pests and diseases, use organic insecticides or companion planting with herbs like basil or marigolds. Crop rotation is also recommended to prevent soil-borne diseases.

By following these tips and providing proper care, you can enjoy fresh and flavorful cucumbers from your Houston garden.


Squash VarietiesGrowing SeasonHarvest TimeYield Per Plant
Yellow Summer SquashSpring to early summer50-60 days after plantingAverage 5-7 squash per plant
ZucchiniSpring to early summer45-55 days after plantingAverage 6-10 zucchinis per plant
Butternut SquashSpring to early summer75-100 days after plantingAverage 2-4 squash per plant
Acorn SquashSpring to early summer70-85 days after plantingAverage 3-5 squash per plant

Squash is a versatile and popular vegetable that grows well in Houston. There are various types of squash that thrive in this region. Yellow Summer Squash can be planted from spring to early summer. It takes about 50-60 days after planting for the squash to be ready for harvest, and you can expect an average yield of 5-7 squash per plant.

Zucchini is another type of squash that grows well in Houston. It has a similar growing season to Yellow Summer Squash, and the harvest time is around 45-55 days after planting. With adequate care, you can expect an average yield of 6-10 zucchinis per plant.

For those looking for a winter squash variety, Butternut Squash is a good choice. It has a longer growing season of about 75-100 days after planting, but the wait is worth it. You can expect an average yield of 2-4 squash per plant.

Acorn Squash is another winter squash variety that can be grown in Houston. It has a growing season of 70-85 days after planting and an average yield of 3-5 squash per plant.


Okra, also known as lady’s finger, is a popular vegetable that grows well in Houston’s warm and humid climate. It is a nutritious and versatile vegetable that can be used in various dishes. Here is some key information about growing okra in Houston:

Factors | Details

———— | ————-

Planting | Okra seeds should be planted directly in the soil after the last frost, around early spring. Plant the seeds 1-2 inches deep and 12-18 inches apart.

Sunlight | Okra thrives in full sunlight and requires at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day. Plant it in a spot that gets ample sunlight.

Watering | Okra plants need regular watering, especially during dry spells. Water deeply and consistently to keep the soil moist, but not waterlogged.

Soil | Okra grows well in well-draining soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 6.8. Adding compost can improve soil fertility and drainage.

Fertilizer | Apply a balanced fertilizer before planting and again when the plants reach a height of 10-12 inches. Follow the package instructions for proper application.

Harvesting | Okra pods are ready to be harvested when they reach 2-3 inches in length. Harvest every 2-3 days for continuous production.

To have a successful okra harvest in Houston, provide proper care and attention to the plants. Monitor for pests like aphids and caterpillars and take measures to control them. Regularly inspect the plants for signs of diseases and address any issues promptly. By following these guidelines, you can cultivate a bountiful okra crop in Houston and enjoy its delicious taste and nutritional benefits.

Experiment with different recipes to make the most of your homegrown okra!

Green Beans

Green beans, also known as snap beans or string beans, are a popular vegetable to grow in Houston. Green beans thrive in warm climates.

To grow green beans, plant them in well-drained soil with a pH level between 6 and 7. Green beans prefer full sun exposure for 6 to 8 hours per day.

Sow green bean seeds directly into the soil after the danger of frost has passed, typically in early spring. Plant the green bean seeds about 1 inch deep and space them 2 to 4 inches apart in rows that are 18 to 24 inches apart.

Water green bean plants consistently to keep the soil evenly moist. Provide about 1 inch of water per week, either through rainfall or irrigation.

Fertilize green bean plants with a balanced fertilizer. Apply the fertilizer when the green bean plants have reached a height of about 6 inches.

Harvest green beans when the pods are firm and crisp, but before the seeds inside have fully developed. This is typically about 50 to 60 days after planting. Regular harvesting encourages more green bean production.

To ensure a successful green bean harvest, provide proper support for the green bean plants as they grow. This can be done by setting up trellises or using stakes and twine. Watch out for pests such as aphids and bean beetles, and take appropriate measures to control them if necessary. Remember to wash your green beans thoroughly before consuming them to remove any dirt or residue. Enjoy the fresh and delicious taste of homegrown green beans in your Houston garden!


Eggplant requires specific conditions for successful growth and harvest. In Houston, sunny and warm weather is ideal. The soil should be well-drained with a pH level between 5.5 and 7. Eggplants need at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Consistent moisture is crucial, so deep watering once or twice a week during dry spells is necessary. Regular fertilization with a balanced fertilizer every two to three weeks provides essential nutrients. To protect eggplants from pests like aphids and flea beetles, organic pest control methods or insect netting can be used. When the skin of the eggplants becomes glossy and firm, they are ready for harvest. Using a sharp knife or pruners, the fruits can be cut from the plant. By following these guidelines, you can enjoy growing delicious eggplants in your garden in Houston.


Radishes grow quickly and are versatile in Houston. Key points to consider include:

  • Rapid growth: Radishes are ready to harvest within 20-30 days, making them a popular choice for gardeners.
  • Heat tolerance: Radishes thrive in Houston’s hot and humid climate, producing crisp, flavorful roots.
  • Soil requirements: Prepare well-drained soil with a pH range of 5.8 to 6.8 by removing rocks and debris and adding organic matter.
  • Sunlight: Radishes need 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimal growth.
  • Spacing: Plant radish seeds or seedlings 2-3 inches apart to allow for proper development.
  • Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged, to prevent woody or bitter roots.
  • Pest control: Protect radishes from pests like flea beetles and root maggots using organic methods such as row covers or neem oil.
  • Successive planting: Sow radish seeds every 1-2 weeks for a continuous harvest throughout the growing season.


Spinach is a nutritious leafy green vegetable that grows well in Houston’s climate. It is rich in vitamins and minerals, such as iron, calcium, and vitamin C.

Spinach requires well-drained soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0 to thrive. It prefers full sun but can tolerate some shade. When planting spinach, sow the seeds 1/2 inch deep and 2-3 inches apart in rows.

Keep the soil consistently moist for optimal growth. Spinach is a cool-season crop and can be planted in early spring or fall. Harvest the outer leaves when they are about 3-4 inches long, leaving the inner leaves to continue growing. Regularly removing mature leaves promotes continuous growth.

Consider planting spinach in succession every few weeks to ensure a constant supply of fresh leaves.


Kale is a versatile and nutritious vegetable that grows well in Houston’s climate. It belongs to the cabbage family and is a leafy green vegetable.

Growing Conditions:

Kale thrives in cool weather and can tolerate temperatures as low as 20°F. It requires full sun exposure for proper growth.


Plant kale seeds in rich, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0-7.0 for optimal growth.


Regularly water kale plants to keep the soil moist, providing about 1-1.5 inches of water per week.


Harvest kale leaves when they reach a length of 8-10 inches. Start by picking the outer leaves, allowing the inner leaves to continue growing.

Pests and Diseases:

While kale is relatively resistant to pests and diseases, it can still be affected by aphids, cabbage worms, and flea beetles. Regular inspection and organic pest control methods can protect the plants.

Culinary Uses:

Kale can be used in various dishes, including salads, smoothies, stir-fries, and soups. It is highly nutritious, rich in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals like calcium and iron.

Tips for Growing Vegetables in Houston

Looking to grow vegetables in Houston? Here are some essential tips to ensure your gardening success. From the importance of good-quality soil to effective pest management techniques, we’ll explore everything you need to know to create a thriving vegetable garden in the dynamic climate of Houston. Learn how to provide adequate watering, retain moisture with mulch, and safeguard your plants against common pests and diseases. Plus, discover the benefits of practicing crop rotation for long-term sustainability. Let’s dig in and cultivate a bountiful harvest together!

Start with Good-quality Soil

To ensure the healthy growth of your vegetables when starting a garden in Houston, it is important to start with good-quality soil. Follow these steps to incorporate good-quality soil into your garden:

1. Test the soil: Prior to planting, it is essential to check the pH level and nutrient content of the soil to determine if any amendments are necessary.

2. Add organic matter: To improve the soil structure and provide essential nutrients, incorporate compost or well-rotted manure into the soil.

3. Loosen the soil: Use a garden fork or tiller to loosen the soil to a depth of 12 inches. This will facilitate root penetration and drainage, helping the plants grow better.

4. Remove weeds and rocks: Before planting, clear the area of any weeds or rocks that may hinder the growth of your plants or compete for nutrients.

5. Consider soil amendments: Based on the results of the soil test, you may need to add specific amendments such as lime or additional nutrients if any deficiencies are identified.

By starting your vegetable garden in Houston with good-quality soil and following these steps, you will establish a solid foundation for your plants. This will promote healthy plant growth, improve nutrient uptake, and increase overall productivity. It is important to regularly monitor the condition of the soil and make necessary adjustments throughout the growing season for optimal results.

Provide Adequate Watering

Adequate Watering for Vegetable Growth in Houston

Adequate watering is crucial for providing the right amount of water for your vegetables in Houston. Follow these steps to provide proper growth and development for your vegetables:

1. Determine the water needs of specific vegetables. Different vegetables have different water requirements, so it is important to research and understand the needs of each plant.

2. Water deeply and infrequently. Instead of watering frequently and shallowly, it is recommended to water deeply once or twice a week. This promotes healthy root growth by allowing water to reach the roots.

3. Regularly monitor soil moisture levels. It is advised to check for moisture using a moisture meter or by digging your finger into the soil. Water again when the top inch of soil feels slightly dry.

4. Water in the morning. Watering early in the day allows plants to absorb moisture before it gets too hot. This reduces evaporation and provides adequate hydration.

5. Use drip irrigation or soaker hoses. Utilizing these methods will deliver water directly to the root zone, minimizing water loss and ensuring efficient distribution.

6. Mulch around vegetable plants. Applying organic mulch, such as straw or wood chips, helps retain moisture in the soil and reduces evaporation.

7. Adjust watering based on weather conditions. During periods of heavy rainfall, it is advisable to reduce watering frequency. In hot and dry weather, it is recommended to increase watering to compensate for increased evaporation.

By following these steps and providing adequate watering, you can promote healthy and productive vegetable growth in Houston’s climate. Always adjust watering practices based on your plants’ specific needs and local weather conditions.

Use Mulch to Retain Moisture

Using mulch retains moisture and promotes healthier vegetable growth in Houston. Consider the following key points when using mulch:

  • Choose organic mulch, such as wood chips or straw, to retain moisture. Avoid plastic mulch, which can trap heat and dehydrate the soil.
  • Apply a thick layer of mulch (2-3 inches) around your vegetable plants to suppress weeds and reduce water evaporation.
  • Monitor soil moisture beneath the mulch regularly. Water your plants if the soil feels dry.
  • Reapply mulch as needed to maintain moisture-retaining properties.

Pro-tip: Water your vegetable plants deeply and infrequently to enhance moisture retention. This encourages deep root systems and reduces the need for frequent watering.

Protect Against Pests and Diseases

Protect your vegetables against pests and diseases by implementing the following strategies:

– Monitor plants regularly for signs of pests or diseases, such as chewed leaves or wilting.

– Use natural methods to deter pests, such as planting companion plants that repel insects or using homemade organic insecticides.

– Space plants properly to allow for good air circulation, reducing the risk of diseases.

– Regularly remove dead or diseased plant material to prevent the spread of diseases.

– Use row covers or netting to protect plants from pests like birds or butterflies.

– Rotate crops each year to minimize the buildup of pests and diseases in the soil.

By following these strategies, you can ensure a comprehensive protection against pests and diseases and enjoy healthy and bountiful harvests in Houston.

Practice Crop Rotation

Crop rotation is crucial for vegetable gardening in Houston. It prevents pests and diseases in the soil, improves soil fertility, and promotes plant health. Here are the steps to effectively practice crop rotation:

1. Identify plant families: Group similar crops based on their botanical families. For example, tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants belong to the nightshade family.

2. Create a rotation plan: Specify which crops will be planted in each garden area each year. Avoid planting crops from the same family in the same area for consecutive seasons.

3. Follow a 3 to 4-year cycle: Rotate crops over this period. For instance, plant tomatoes in one area this year and then move them to a different area next year.

4. Include cover crops: Incorporate legumes like peas or beans, or grasses like rye or oats, to improve soil health and add organic matter.

5. Note exceptions: Onions and garlic can be exceptions to the rotation plan due to their lower pest and disease concerns, but rotating them is still beneficial if possible.

By practicing crop rotation, you can maintain the health of your vegetable garden in Houston and enjoy bountiful harvests year after year. Remember to adjust your rotation plan based on your garden’s specific needs and conditions.

Some Facts About What Vegetables Grow Well In Houston:

  • ✅ Houston is a great place for seniors to garden in the fall and winter months due to the beautiful weather and abundance of sunshine.
  • ✅ The best vegetables to grow in Houston in the fall include beans, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, kohlrabi, potato, squash, and tomatoes in September;
  • ✅ It is recommended to get plants into the garden in early June so they can establish strong roots before the hottest summer months.
  • ✅ Hot peppers like Jalapeno, Serrano, Poblano, Cayenne, Habanero, and Thai are great options for planting in June.
  • ✅ Basil thrives in the heat of summer and Genovese Basil is the most popular variety used in culinary dishes.

Frequently Asked Questions

What vegetables grow well in Houston?

There are several vegetables that grow well in Houston’s climate. Some fantastic options include sweet peppers, hot peppers, eggplants, cucumbers, okra, and tomatoes.

How do I prepare my garden for the fall and winter months in Houston?

To prepare your garden for fall and winter in Houston, make sure your crops receive at least eight hours of direct sunlight per day. Till the soil and remove leftover compost. Fertilize the soil with either ammonium sulfate or slow-release fertilizer. Feed the soil with organic options like horse or cattle manure. Water the prepared soil with a sprinkler for at least two hours and allow it to dry for three days before planting seeds.

What are the benefits of gardening for seniors in Houston?

Gardening has many benefits for seniors in Houston. It keeps the mind sharp, provides enjoyable exercise, improves mood, and promotes social interaction. Gardening helps with cognitive longevity, problem-solving, flexibility, and stamina. It also increases serotonin levels and lowers cortisol levels, leading to improved mood and reduced stress and anxiety. Gardening promotes social interaction and can help form and strengthen friendships through sharing tips and food.

What should I plant in my Houston kitchen garden in June?

In June, the Houston hot planting season begins, and temperatures go above 85 degrees. Some great options to plant in June include hot peppers like Jalapeno, Serrano, Poblano, Cayenne, Habanero, and Thai. You can also plant eggplants, basil, sweet potatoes, suyo cucumbers, tomatillos, and yard long beans.

How should I care for my Houston garden to reduce fungal diseases?

To reduce fungal diseases in your Houston garden, ensure you have well-draining soil mixed with organic matter. Properly spacing your plants, using mulch, and watering in the evening can help. You can apply organic soap or natural and organic sprays to manage pests like mealy bugs. Pruning affected leaves and providing support to plants like tomatillos with a trellis can also help reduce the risk of fungal diseases.

What is the planting schedule for vegetables in Houston?

The planting schedule for vegetables in Houston varies depending on the specific vegetable and the desirable harvest time. In September, you can plant beans, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, kohlrabi, potato, squash, and tomatoes. In October, you can plant beets, collards, garlic, lettuce, and parsley. In November, you can plant carrots, mustard, onion, radish, spinach, turnip, and peppers. It’s important to consider the final frost date and the recommended days to maturity for each vegetable before planting.